The table below offers some of the principal characteristics of the nine types along with their basic relationships. This table expands upon Oscar Ichazo's ego fixations, holy ideas, passions, and virtues[12] primarily using material from Understanding the Enneagram: The Practical Guide to Personality Types (revised edition) by Don Richard Riso and Russ Hudson.[13] Other theorists may disagree on some aspects. The types are normally referred to by their numbers, but sometimes their "characteristic roles" (which refers to distinctive archetypal characteristics) are used instead.[14] Various labels for each type are commonly used by different authors and teachers. The "stress" and "security" points (sometimes referred to as the "disintegration" and "integration" points) are the types, connected by the lines of the enneagram figure, that are believed by some to influence a person in more adverse or relaxed circumstances. According to this theory, someone classed as a One type, for example, may begin to think, feel and act more like a Four type when stressed, or more like a Seven type when relaxed.




Type Characteristic role Ego fixation Holy idea Basic fear Basic desire Temptation Vice/Passion Virtue Stress/
1 Reformer, Perfectionist Resentment Perfection Corruptness, imbalance,
being bad
integrity, balance
Hypocrisy, hypercriticism Anger Serenity 4 7
2 Helper, Giver Flattery
Freedom, Will Being unloved To feel love Deny own needs,
Pride Humility 8 4
3 Achiever, Performer Vanity Hope, Law Worthlessness To feel valuable Pushing self to always
be "the best"
Deceit Truthfulness,
9 6
4 Individualist, Romantic Melancholy
Origin Having no identity
or significance
To be uniquely
To overuse imagination
in search of self
Envy Equanimity
(Emotional Balance)
2 1
5 Investigator, Observer Stinginess
incapability, incompetence
Replacing direct
experience with concepts
Avarice Non-Attachment 7 8
6 Loyalist, Loyal Skeptic Cowardice
Faith Being without support
or guidance
To have support
and guidance
Indecision, doubt,
seeking reassurance
Fear Courage 3 9
7 Enthusiast, Epicure Planning
Wisdom, Plan Being trapped in pain
and deprivation
To be satisfied
and content
Thinking fulfillment is somewhere else Gluttony Sobriety 1 5
8 Challenger, Protector Vengeance
Truth Being harmed,
controlled, violated
Self-protection Thinking they are
completely self-sufficient
Innocence 5 2
9 Peacemaker, Mediator Indolence
Love Loss, fragmentation, separation Wholeness,
peace of mind
Avoiding conflicts,
avoiding self-assertion
Action 6 3